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Tour Title Ontario Street - Kingston
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IMG_4086.JPG Kingston City Hall George Browne and William Coverdale designed City Hall. This magnificent building was built in 1842 to 1844 as a public market building or "shambles" and "civic centre" as well as for town offices. Also in the building were the Royal Mail Post Office, the Customs Office, public meeting halls, a library, the police station and cells, a print shop and restaurants. On the lower level there were also offices to be rented to lawyers (including John A. Macdonald) and brokers. It also had a room where citizens could come and read the latest newspapers. The building is Paladian in style, with each side of the facade being a mirror image of the other. It has an imposing Tuscan portico. As built, the dome had no clock faces and no glass "lantern" on top. Its imposing facade faced the waterfront because visitors to the city usually arrived by ship. Kingston was the capital of the United Province of Canada when the building was started. By the time it was finished, however, the government and the civil servants had moved to Montreal. The remaining citizens of Kingston could not pay for the new building. For many years, they rented out parts of it to a bank, churches, saloons, a women’s medical college and for other uses. There was originally a driveway through the centre of the building. It has been replaced by the central part of the present front steps and what are now the main doors. The city government and a public meeting hall now occupy the entire building. Parts of City Hall were restored after fires in 1865 that destroyed the market wing behind the building, and in 1908 that destroyed the dome. The portico was rebuilt in 1966 and the building was fully restored in the 1970s. The dome was re-coppered in 2002. Free guided tours are available in the summer.   Click here to show map location
IMG_3546.JPG Kingston and Pembroke Railway Station The K&P Railway station is now the Tourist Information Office. In the early 1800s, there was a market here between Ontario St. and the water. From 1846 to 1875, the space was occupied by a large stone gun position called the “Market Battery.” The land became a park after the battery was torn down. In 1885, some stone from the battery was used to build this station, designed by William Newlands. The park became a railway yard. The K&P Railway brought lumber, iron ore, phosphates, mica and other natural products to Kingston where they were transferred to ships. The present park was built in 1967 to celebrate the Centennial of Canadian Confederation. The Canadian Pacific Railway’s steam locomotive number 1095, named “Spirit of Sir John A.”, was built in 1913 at the locomotive works further south on Ontario Street. It remembers Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada’s first prime minister who was the Member of Parliament for Kingston. Washrooms Click here to show map location
IMG_3553.JPG RCHA Club and Raging Bull These 1848- 49 buildings were designed by William Coverdale. The Royal Canadian Horse Artillery (RCHA) was Kingston’s army garrison from 1871 until it went overseas at the beginning of World War II in 1939. Walk further south and look at the end of the building. The remains of a brick fireplace and chimney flues you can see are from an adjoining building that has been demolished. Site Offers Food   Click here to show map location
IMG_3557.JPG Grand Trunk (or “inner”) Railway Station This 1886 station is now Frankie Pesto’s Restaurant. It was designed by William Newlands. Connecting trains ran from here to the mainline or “Outer” Station, that was farther north on Montreal St. The Grand Trunk Station has a prominent mansard roof. The Hanley family operated a railway and steamship ticket agency in this building beginning in the 1890s. It was once covered with railway and steamship advertisements that were painted on the brick. Site Offers Food   Click here to show map location
IMG_3560.JPG Anglo-American Hotel and White Mountain Ice Cream The hotel was built before 1844. It was named the Anglo-American in 1851. If you look carefully, you can see cast iron arches with carved heads above the second storey windows. There is a floral design on thestone string between the second and third storeys. The hotel owners built 176 Ontario (on your right) as a store. Site Offers Food   Click here to show map location
IMG_3575.JPG Frontenac Hotel (now Brandees, Zappas and Mia Gelato) The hotel got that name in 1889. The southern (your left) end was built as a house in 1822. It was heavily damaged during an explosion and fire that destroyed much of the area in 1840. The house was repaired and reopened as a hotel. It was given a new front in 1853 when architect John Power added the large expansion on the north (your right) end. Notice the decorative iron pilasters (half columns) on either side of the doorway to 178 Ontario.   Click here to show map location
IMG_3577.JPG Wooden Heads This office building was built sometime between 1853 and 1860. The architect was probably John Power. The facade is brick that was fashionable at the time, but the end wall is less expensive stone. Notice the iron pilasters beside the doorways similar to 178-186 Ontario.   Click here to show map location
IMG_3582.JPG Mac’s General Store This modest frame building dates from between 1878 and 1880. It was built as the ticket office for the Folger Brothers’ excursion steamboat line. An interesting feature is the beaded wooden shingles designed with semi-circular arches.   Click here to show map location
IMG_3585.JPG Prince George Hotel The hotel has been called the Prince George since 1918. The facade is actually three separate buildings. The middle part is a stone house built about 1817. New stores were built on each side of the house in 1847. The buildings became a hotel after a fire in 1848. William Newlands designed the third floor and the mansard roof that were added in 1892. These changes made the three buildings look like one. The hotel’s most recent restoration was in 2008. Intricate ironwork on the tower, the copper roof and the decorative woodwork on the verandah are distinguishing features.   Click here to show map location

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Group Heritage Resources Centre
Added By HRC Admin
Date Added April 17, 2012
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